Rate of Growth: fast.
Lifespan: 1000 years.
Pyramidal Form. Its branches with sparse foliage leave the trunk at right angle.
Its leaf is primitive, without central vein, in the form of fan (" of duck leg "). It turns to yellow in autumn.
Its reproduction is also primitive. The Ginkgo is part of the class of Gymnospermes, as conifers, appeared the first on earth: the seed is not protected by an ovary. But in the Ginkgo, the egg grows naked before, to reach a ball shape (which could be be taken for a fruit). Sperm from different feet (dioecious species) are transported by a liquid pollen to the egg cell which recalls the ancient pollination of the fern. The seedling develops immediately after germinationwithout passing through the stage of the seed.
Uses: - Medicine: Chinese medicine has identified a long extract from the leaves to stimulate blood circulation and lungs, and effective against asthma. Action still controversial on cognitive impairment (almond leaf). In 1578, the Ming Dynasty, Li Schizen, Chinese doctor, herbalist and naturalist, published his monumental work, a veritable encyclopedia of natural medicines, the Bencao Gangmu. It describes the use of leaves of Ginkgo and almonds. This book was translated into Japanese in 1607, and published in the eighteenth century, French English, German and Russian.
- Food: very popular in Asia the kernel of the egg dyed in red is called the fruit of bliss and is available at the births and marriages (boiled or roasted almonds).
- Soap: milled whole egg was used to wash and degrease clothing.
- Planning: in the Far East, the Ginkgo is a sacred tree, planted near the pagoda. Ginkgo is now used in urban development. It is resistant to pollution. But the eggs mature smell particularly foul if they rot on the ground: we avoid planting female trees
- Wood: firewood, woodwork, bushel, sculptures cabinet (traditionally, it was used to make altars in temples and tables for the court hearing, according to the quality of the month).