Fir of Nordmann, Fir of the Caucasus, Abies nordmanniana
Habitat: tree of light (heliophilous), the Fir of Nordmann is planted in parks and gardens. It occurs in semi-wild state on the mountain slopes, associated with beech and pine.
Height: 40 m tall.
Bark gray, smooth which cracks in flakes as it matures.
Shape: of a pyramid when young, becoming (narrow) columnar as it matures.
Persistent foliage: flat needles, from 1,5 to 3 cm long, dark green top, squalid green underside, with stomatal bands very visible. Needles are arranged in 45 ° to the stem. They remain green for a long time (4 - 6 years).
Flowers: male catkins yellow, formed from autumn for the reproduction of next spring, under the final leaves.
Fruits cylindrical, of 14 cm long, light green turning to reddish-brown at maturity, in October-November; its bracts are slender.
Use: as Christmas tree, because it resists the heating of flats.