Fir of Cilicia, Abies cilicica

Conifer with persistent foliage, family Pinaceae (Cedar, Norway Spruce,
Larch, Pine, Silver Fir, Hemlock), genus Abies.

A. alba = reddish-brown-green.
Abies cephalonica = cyan.
Abies cilicica = dark green.
Abies marocana = claret.
Abies nebrodensis = yellow.
Abies nordmanniana = purple.
Abies numidica = red.
Abies pinsapo = blue.

Habitat : humid and shady atmosphere (it regenerates in undergrowth). Uninterested to the soil (accepts limestone). Tolerates altitude and cold.
Height: 30 m tall.
Lifespan: 500 years.
Shape: conical (of a pyramid). The top of the crown flattens (in table) as it matures.
Grayish smooth bark with resin pockets.
Persistent foliage : not prickly flattened needles, from 3 to 4 cm, soft, arranged in comb on the stem. They have an indentation in the apex. Green shiny on the top. Two white bands on underside. Upright cone (for difference with the Norway Spruce: see Norway Spruce).
Use : the wood is dense, somewhat resinous, and used in joinery, stationery shop and framework.

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